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Parliament attack convict Afzal Guru hanged in Tihar jail today 9-2-2013 saturday 8 am
Afzal Guru, convicted for his role in the attack on Parliament in 2001, has been executed at about 8 this morning at Delhi’s Tihar Jail.
The Home Ministry had recommended the death sentence for Guru on January 23, sources said, and President Pranab Mukherjee rejected his mercy petition a few days ago, clearing the way for his hanging.
Nine years ago, in 2004, Afzal Guru was given the death sentence by the Supreme Court. The sentence was scheduled to be carried out on October 20, 2006, but was stayed after his wife filed the mercy petition, which had been pending with the President’s office since.
“Afzal Guru was hanged at 8 AM,” Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde said shortly after the execution of the Jaish-e-Mohammad militant.
The mercy plea of 43-year-old Guru, who was sentenced to death in 2002 by a special court and later upheld by the Supreme Court in 2004, was rejected by President Pranab Mukherjee a few days back, Rashtrapati Bhavan spokespeman Venu Rajamony said.
Reminiscent of the hanging of Mumbai attack convict Ajmal Kasab on November 21 last year, Guru’s execution was kept under wraps in a top secret operation.
The family of Guru residing in Sopore in north Kashmir was informed about the decision of the Government that his mercy petition has been rejected.
The body of Guru, who has been in the death row for over 10 years, is likely to be buried in Tihar Jail itself as it was done in the case of Kasab who was buried in Pune’s Yerwada jail soon after his execution.
It was less than a week ago, on February 3, that President Pranab Mukherjee cleared Guru’s file, thus setting the ball rolling for Guru’s execution. Pronounced guilty and convicted to death by the Supreme Court in 2003, Guru’s hanging had been kept pending for several years. In fact, the recent times have seen the principle Opposition party, the BJP, racheting up the political pressure on the UPA government to hang Guru.
The decision to hang Guru came soon after the President cleared the file. The Cabinet Committee on Security, chaired by the Prime Minister took the decision last week to go ahead with the hanging. By Friday, the centre had alerted the Jammu and Kashmir government as part of precautionary measures. The state government immediately imposed curfew in large parts of the state to ensure there were no law and order issues.
Guru’s arrest came soon after the attack and he was charged under the controversial Prevention of Terrorism Act (POTA) that was passed by the AB Vajpayee-led NDA government and was later done away with by the Congree-led UPA. He was also charged with waging war against the state among other charges related to terrorism.
In December 2001, five heavily-armed terrorists drove into the Parliament complex and opened fire. Nine people were killed, most of them members of the security forces. All the terrorists were shot dead.
Both Houses of Parliament had just been adjourned and many MPs and ministers, including then Deputy Prime Minister LK Advani were still inside.
A few days later, Afzal Guru was arrested.
In November last year, Ajmal Kasab, the terrorist from Pakistan who was caught during the 26/11 attacks in Mumbai, was executed in a Pune jail.
afzal guru from 2001 to 2013 journey
Dec 13, 2001: Five terrorists enter Parliament complex and open indiscriminate fire, killing nine people and injuring over 15.
Dec 15, 2001: Delhi Police pick up Afzal Guru, a member of terrorist outfit Jaish-e-Muhammad (JeM), from Jammu and
Kashmir. S A R Geelani of Delhi University’s Zakir Hussain College picked up for questioning and later arrested. Two
others – Afsan Guru and her husband Shaukat Hussain Guru – were picked up later.
Dec 29, 2001: Afzal Guru sent to 10-day police remand.
June 4, 2002: Charges are framed against four people – Afzal Guru, Geelani, Shaukat Hussain Guru, Afsan Guru and Geelani.
Dec 18, 2002: Death sentence given to S A R Geelani, Shaukat Hussain Guru and Afzal Guru, while Afsan Guru is let
Aug 30, 2003: Jaish-e-Muhammad leader Ghazi Baba, prime accused in the attack, is killed in an encounter with the
Border Security Force (BSF) in Srinagar. Three more militants along with him are also killed in the 10-hour encounter.
Oct 29, 2003: Geelani acquitted in the case.
Aug 4, 2005: The Supreme Court, while confirming the death sentence of Afzal Guru, commutes Shaukat Hussain Guru’s
death sentence to 10 years of rigorous imprisonment.
Sep 26, 2006: Delhi court orders Afzal to be hanged.
Oct 3, 2006: Afzal Guru’s wife Tabasum Guru files a mercy petition with then President A P J Abdul Kalam.
Jan 12, 2007: The Supreme Court dismisses Afzal Guru’s plea seeking review of his death sentence, saying ‘there is no
merit’ in it.
May 19, 2010: Delhi government rejects Afzal Guru’s mercy petition; endorses capital punishment awarded to him by the
Dec 30, 2010: Shaukat Hussain Guru released from Delhi’s Tihar Jail.
Dec 10, 2012: Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde says he would examine Afzal Guru’s file after Parliament’s Winter
session concludes on December 22.
Feb 3, 2013: President Pranab Mukherjee rejects Afzal Guru’s mercy petition
Feb 9, 2013: Afzal Guru hanged in Tihar Jail. PTI
(SOURCES-ndtv ,dna,tv channels)
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